Abstract: PVDF membranes have been widely applied to chemical research and industrial process because of its high thermal stability and excellent chemical resistance.The applications of PVDF membranes include water treatment,membrane distillation,gas separation,pollutants removal,bioethanol recovery,separator for lithium ion battery,support for preparing composite membranes,etc.were systematically summarized.The Membranes of water processing and membrane contactor of PVDF membrane in application were reviewed.Finally,The future development trend of PVDF membrane was described.
 Liu F,Hashim N A,Liu Y,et al.Progress in the production and modification of PVDF membranes[J].Fuel & Energy Abstracts,2011,375(1):1-27.  Xiao Y,Liu X D,Wang D X,et al.Feasibility of using an innovative PVDF MF membrane prior to RO for reuse of a secondary municipal effluent[J].Desalination,2013,311(5):16-23.  Park C,Hong S W,Tai H C,et al.Performance evaluation of pretreatment processes in integrated membrane system for wastewater reuse[J].Desalination,2010,250(2):673-676.  Morão A,Brites Alves A M,Cardoso J P.Ultrafiltration of demethylchlortetracycline industrial fermentation broths[J].Separation and Purification Technology,2001(22/23):459-466.  Kumar M,Srivastava R K.Preparation and characterization of polyvinylidene fluoride hollow fiber membranes for ultrafiltration[J].Polymer,2002,43:3879-3890.  Yi X S,Yu S L,Shi W X,et al.The influence of important factors on ultrafiltration of oil/water emulsion using PVDF membrane modified by nano-sized TiO2/Al2O3[J].Desalination,2011,281(1):179-184.  Li Q,Bi Q Y,Lin H H,et al.A novel ultrafiltration (UF) membrane with controllable selectivity for protein separation[J].Journal of Membrane Science,2013,427(1):155-167.  Zhao Z,Zheng J,Wang M,et al.High performance ultrafiltration membrane based on modified chitosan coating and electrospun nanofibrous PVDF scaffolds[J].Journal of Membrane Science,2012,394-395:209-217.  Asatekin A,Menniti A,Kang S,et al.Antifouling nanofiltration membranes for membrane bioreactors from self-assembling graft copolymers[J].Journal of Membrane Science,2006,285(1/2):81-89.  Badani Z,Ait Amar H,Si Salah A,et al.Treatment of textile wastewater by membrane bioreactor and reuse[J].Desalination,2005,185(1):411-417.  Gao D W,Zhang T,Tang C Y Y,et al.Membrane fouling in an anaerobic membrane bioreactor:differences in relative abundance of bacterial species in the membrane foulant layer and in suspension[J].Journal of Membrane Science,2010,364(1/2):331-338.  Peng W,Chung T S.Design and fabrication of lotus-root-like multi-bore hollow fiber membrane for direct contact membrane distillation[J].Journal of Membrane Science,2012,421-422(3):361-374.  Marzouk S A M,Al Marzouqi M H,El Naas M H,et al.Removal of carbon dioxide from pressurized CO2-CH4 gas mixture using hollow fiber membrane contactors[J].Journal of Membrane Science,2010,351(1/2):21-27.  Greenlee L F,Lawler D F,Freeman B D,et al.Reverse osmosis desalination:water sources,technology,and today's challenges[J].Water Research,2009,43(9):2317-2348.  Tomaszewska M.Preparation and properties of flat-sheet membranes from poly(vinylidene fluoride) for membrane distillation[J].Desalination,1996,104(1/2):1-11.  Hou D,Dai G,Wang J,et al.Preparation and characterization of PVDF/nonwoven fabric flat-sheet composite membranes for desalination through direct contact membrane distillation[J].Separation & Purification Technology,2012,101(1):1-10.  Kai Y W,Chung T S,Gryta M.Hydrophobic PVDF hollow fiber membranes with narrow pore size distribution and ultra-thin skin for the fresh water production through membrane distillation[J].Chemical Engineering Science,2008,63(9):2587-2594.  Bonyadi S,Chung T S.Highly porous and macrovoid-free PVDF hollow fiber membranes for membrane distillation by a solvent-dope solution co-extrusion approach[J].Journal of Membrane Science,2009,331(1/2):66-74.  Bonyadi S,Tai S C.Flux enhancement in membrane distillation by fabrication of dual layer hydrophilic-hydrophobic hollow fiber membranes[J].Journal of Membrane Science,2007,306(1):134-146.  Edwie F,Teoh M M,Chung T S.Effects of additives on dual-layer hydrophobic-hydrophilic PVDF hollow fiber membranes for membrane distillation and continuous performance[J].Chemical Engineering Science,2012,68(1):567-578.  Fan H,Peng Y.Application of PVDF membranes in desalination and comparison of the VMD and DCMD processes[J].Chemical Engineering Science,2012,79(37):94-102.  Feng C,Khulbe K C,Matsuura T,et al.Production of drinking water from saline water by air-gap membrane distillation using polyvinylidene fluoride nanofiber membrane[J].Journal of Membrane Science,2008,311(1/2):1-6.  Hou D,Wang J,Sun X,et al.Boron removal from aqueous solution by direct contact membrane distillation[J].Journal of Hazardous Materials,2010,177(1-3):613-619.  Wu B,Tan X,Li K,et al.Removal of 1,1,1-trichloroethane from water using a polyvinylidene fluoride hollow fiber membrane module:vacuum membrane distillation operation[J].Separation & Purification Technology,2006,52(2):301-309.  Feng C,Khulbe K C,Tabe S.Volatile organic compound removal by membrane gas stripping using electro-spun nanofiber membrane[J].Desalination,2012,287(3):98-102.  Tan X,Tan S P,Teo W K,et al.Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) hollow fibre membranes for ammonia removal from water[J].Journal of Membrane Science,2006,271(1/2):59-68.  Shao P,Huang R Y M.Polymeric membrane pervaporation[J].Journal of Membrane Science,2007,87(2):162-179.  Sukitpaneenit P,Chung T S.PVDF/nanosilica dual-layer hollow fibers with enhanced selectivity and flux as novel membranes for ethanol recovery[J].Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research,2012,51(2):978-993.  Kim E S,Kim Y J,Yu Q,et al.Preparation and characterization of polyamide thin-film composite (TFC) membranes on plasma-modified polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)[J].Journal of Membrane Science,2009,344(1/2):71-81.  Ji G L,Zhu B K,Cui Z Y,et al.PVDF porous matrix with controlled microstructure prepared by TIPS process as polymer electrolyte for lithium ion battery[J].Polymer,2007,48(21):6415-6425.  Ma T,Cui Z,Wu Y,et al