Abstract: Porous carbon materials,which has been widely used in various fields,is a kind of functional materials with large specific surface area,high porosity and high stability.The application of porous carbon materials in fuel cell was briefly introduced,emphatically focused on the different characteristics of porous carbon materials,modified porous carbon materials from different aspects.And its performance change after modified in the fuel cell was studied.
焦芮,孙寒雪,魏慧娟,牟鹏,李安. 多孔碳材料改性及其在燃料电池中的应用[J]. 化工新型材料, 2018, 46(10): 32-35.
Jiao Rui,Sun Hanxue,Wei Huijuan,Mu Peng,Li An. Research progress of porous carbon material modification and its application in fuel cell. New Chemical Materials, 2018, 46(10): 32-35.
 Kim H R,Yoon T U,Kim S I,et al.Beyond pristine MOFs:carbon dioxide capture by metal-organic frameworks (MOFs)-derived porous carbon materials[J].RSC Advances,2017,7(3):1266-1270.  Lv R,Wang H,Yu H,et al.Controllable preparation of holey graphene and electrocatalytic performance for oxygen reduction reaction[J].Electrochimica Acta,2017,208:203-213.  Li H,Li Y,Koper M T,et al.Bond-making and breaking between carbon,nitrogen,and oxygen in electrocatalysis[J].Journal of the American Chemical Society,2014,136(44):15694-15701.  Ratso S,Kruusenberg I,K rik M,et al.Highly efficient nitrogen-doped carbide-derived carbon materials for oxygen reduction reaction in alkaline media[J].Carbon,2017,113:159-169.  Zheng F,Liu D,Xia G,et al.Biomass waste inspired nitrogen-doped porous carbon materials as high-performance anode for lithium-ion batteries[J].Journal of Alloys and Compounds,2017,693:1197-1204.  张娟.掺氮多孔炭材料的制备及电化学性能研究[D].淄博:山东理工大学,2016.  Bader N,Ouederni A.Optimization of biomass-based carbon materials for hydrogen storage[J].Journal of Energy Storage,2016,5:77-84.  Paraknowitsch J P,Zhang J,Su D,et al.Ionic liquids as precursors for nitrogen-doped graphitic carbon[J].Advanced Materials,2010,22(1):87-92.  Tang J,Liu J,Li C,et al.Synthesis of nitrogen-doped mesoporous carbon spheres with extra-large pores through assembly of diblock copolymer micelles[J].Angewandte Chemie International Edition,2015,54(2):588-593.  Chen H,Sun F,Wang J,et al.Nitrogen doping effects on the physical and chemical properties of mesoporous carbons[J].The Journal of Physical Chemistry C,2013,117(16):8318-8328.  He X,Li R,Han J,et al.Facile preparation of mesoporous carbons for supercapacitors by one-step microwave-assisted ZnCl2 activation[J].Materials Letters,2013,94:158-160.  Ryoo R,Joo S H,Jun S.Synthesis of highly ordered carbon molecular sieves via template-mediated structural transformation[J].The Journal of Physical Chemistry B,1999,103(37):7743-7746.  Trogadas P,Fuller T F,Strasser P.Carbon as catalyst and support for electrochemical energy conversion[J].Carbon,2014,75:5-42.  Qu L,Liu Y,Baek J B,et al.Nitrogen-doped graphene as efficient metal-free electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction in fuel cells[J].ACS Nano,2010,4(3):1321-1326.  Wang L,Schnepp Z,Titirici M M.Rice husk-derived carbon anodes for lithium ion batteries[J].Journal of Materials Chemistry A,2013,1(17):5269-5273.  Chen P,Wang L K,Wang G,et al.Nitrogen-doped nanoporous carbon nanosheets derived from plant biomass:an efficient catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction[J].Energy & Environmental Science,2014,7(12):4095-4103.  Ou J,Zhang Y,Chen L,et al.Heteroatom doped porous carbon derived from hair as an anode with high performance for lithium ion batteries[J].RSC Advances,2014,4(109):63784-63791.  Zhang W,Yin J,Lin Z,et al.Facile preparation of 3D hierarchical porous carbon from lignin for the anode material in lithium ion battery with high rate performance[J].Electrochimica Acta,2015,176:1136-1142.  Wang X,Weng Q,Liu X,et al.Atomistic origins of high rate capability and capacity of N-doped graphene for lithium storage[J].Nano Letters,2014,14(3):1164-1171.  杨秀涛,梁忠冠,袁雨佳,等.多孔碳纳米球的制备及其电化学性能[J].物理学报,2017,66(4):258-265.  刘明贤,缪灵,陆文静,等.多孔碳材料的设计合成及其在能源存储与转换领域中的应用[J].科学通报,2017,62(6):590-605.  You P,Kamarudin S.Recent progress of carbonaceous materials in fuel cell applications:an overview[J].Chemical Engineering Journal,2017,309:489-502.  侯明,衣宝廉.燃料电池的关键技术[J].科技导报,2016(6):52-61.  Cao J,Chen Z,Xu J,et al.Mesoporous carbon synthesized from dual colloidal silica/block copolymer template approach as the support of platinum nanoparticles for direct methanol fuel cells[J].Electrochimica Acta,2013,88:184-192.  Chiang Y C,Hsieh M K,Hsu H H.The effect of carbon supports on the performance of platinum/carbon nanotubes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells[J].Thin Solid Films,2014,570:221-229.  Bruno M M,Viva F A,Petruccelli M A,et al.Platinum supported on mesoporous carbon as cathode catalyst for direct methanol fuel cells[J].Journal of Power Sources,2015,278:458-463.  Salernitano E,Giorgi L,Makris T D.Direct growth of carbon nanofibers on carbon-based substrates as integrated gas diffusion and catalyst layer for polymer electrolyte fuel cells[J].International Journal of Hydrogen Energy,2014,39(27):15005-15016.  Xu F,Chen X,Tang Z,et al.Redox-active conjugated microporous polymers:a new organic platform for highly efficient energy storage[J].Chemical Communications,2014,50(37):4788-4790.  Mulzer C R,Shen L,Bisbey R P,et al.Superior charge Storage and power density of a conducting polymer-modified covalent organic framework[J].ACS Central Science,2016,2(9):667-673.  Cheng S,Wu J.Air-cathode preparation with activated carbon as catalyst,PTFE as binder and nickel foam as current collector for microbial fuel cells[J].Bioelectrochemistry,2013,92:22-26.  Watson V J,Delgado C N,Logan B E.Improvement of activated carbons as oxygen reduction catalysts in neutral solutions by ammonia gas treatment and their performance in microbial fuel cells[J].Journal of Power Sources,2013,242:756-761.