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化工新型材料  2018, Vol. 46 Issue (10): 275-279    
  开发与应用 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
季铵盐抗菌剂整理涤纶织物的研究
张淑敏,李蓉,栗志广,任学宏*
生态纺织科学与技术教育重点实验室,江南大学纺织服装学院,无锡214122
Study on antibacterial finishing of PET used by quaternary ammonium salt
Zhang Shumin ,Li Rong, Li Zhiguang, Ren Xuehong
Key Laboratory of Eco-Textiles,Ministry of Education,College of Textile & Clothing, Jiangnan University,Wuxi 214122
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摘要 合成了一种季铵盐抗菌剂2-二甲基-2-十六烷基-1-甲基丙烯酰氧乙基溴化铵(DEHMA),以偶氮二异丁腈(AIBN)为引发剂,采用轧烘焙的整理方式制备出抗菌涤纶织物。研究了不同工艺条件对织物增重率的影响,确定最佳工艺条件。采用红外光谱、扫描电镜和X射线光电子能谱等手段对整理后织物的表面形貌及性能进行测试。抗菌测试结果表明:整理后涤纶在与细菌接触1min即可杀死100%的金黄色葡萄球菌及大肠杆菌,抗菌性能优异。
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张淑敏
李蓉
栗志广
任学宏
关键词:  季铵盐  涤纶  抗菌  轧烘焙    
Abstract: A quaternary ammonium salt 2-dimethyl-2-hexadecyl-1-methacryloxyethyl ammonium bromide (DEHMA) was synthesized.The synthesized DEHMA was bonded on PET fabrics by a pad-dry-cure process to obtain antibacterial PET fabrics by using 2,2-azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) as initiator.The influence of different treatment conditions on weight gain of fabrics was studied,and the optimum conditions were determined.The surface morphology and characterizations of treated PET was measured by FT-IR,SEM and XPS.The results of antibacterial test showed that the treated fabrics could inactivate 100% S.aureus and E.coli O157∶H7 with contact time of 1min,which demonstrated excellent antibacterial properties.
Key words:  quaternary ammonium salt    PET    antibacterial    pad-dry-cure
                    发布日期:  2018-11-06      期的出版日期:  2018-11-06
基金资助: 江苏省政策引导类计划(产学研)前瞻性联合研究项目(BY2015019-23);中央高校基本科研业务费(JUSRP51722B)
通讯作者:  任学宏,教授。   
作者简介:  张淑敏(1992-),女,硕士,主要研究方向为高效抗菌剂的合成及合成纤维的抗菌整理。
引用本文:    
张淑敏,李蓉,栗志广,任学宏. 季铵盐抗菌剂整理涤纶织物的研究[J]. 化工新型材料, 2018, 46(10): 275-279.
Zhang Shumin ,Li Rong, Li Zhiguang, Ren Xuehong. Study on antibacterial finishing of PET used by quaternary ammonium salt. New Chemical Materials, 2018, 46(10): 275-279.
链接本文:  
http://www.hgxx.org/CN/  或          http://www.hgxx.org/CN/Y2018/V46/I10/275
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