Please wait a minute...
 首页  期刊简介 期刊订阅 广告合作 联系我们
 
最新录用  |  当期目录  |  过刊浏览  |  热点文章  |  阅读排行
化工新型材料  2018, Vol. 46 Issue (10): 239-242    
  开发与应用 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
头发纤维表面聚十八烷基硅氧烷疏水/亲油改性 及其油水分离特性评价
杨晨曦1,白波1*,丁晨旭2,王洪伦2,索有瑞2
1.长安大学环境科学与工程学院,西安710054;
2.中国科学院西北高原生物研究所,西宁810001
Hydrophobic/oleophilic modification of human hair fiber by PODS and the study of oil/water separation property
Yang Chenxi1,Bai Bo1,Ding Chenxu2,Wang Honglun2,Suo Yourui2
1.College of Environmental Science and Engineering,Chang'an University,Xi'an 710054;
2.Northwest Plateau Institute of Biology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Xining 810001
下载:  PDF (1846KB) 
输出:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 以头发纤维(HHF)为基材,十八烷基三氯硅烷(OTS)为改性剂,通过浸涂法使十八烷基三氯硅烷(OTS)水解、自组装、缩聚产生的聚十八烷基硅氧烷(PODS)自组装层附着在头发纤维表面,合成具有疏水/亲脂特性的头发纤维。使用红外光谱、扫描电镜、能谱分析仪及接触角测量仪对其表征,并研究改性头发纤维的吸油率及油水分离性能。结果表明:PODS成功附着在头发纤维表面,水在改性前后头发纤维的接触角分别为70°和142°。改性头发纤维在纯油系统对蓖麻油、机油、甲苯和氯仿的最大吸油率分别为11.5、6.1、3.1和2.0g/g。同时,改性头发纤维具有良好的油水分离能力,较好的重复利用性能。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
杨晨曦
白波
丁晨旭
王洪伦
索有瑞
关键词:  头发纤维  十八烷基三氯硅烷  自组装  疏水改性  油水分离    
Abstract: The hydrophobic and oleophilic human hair fiber were synthesized through the hydrolysis of octadecyltrichlorosilane,self-assembly and polycondensation by dip-coating,the PODS self-assemble layers were adhered on fiber's surface.FT-IR,SEM,EDS dispersive spectrometer and contact angle measuring instrument were used to characterize the structure,and the properties of oil absorption and oil/water separation were studied.The results showed that PODS were robust adhere to human hair fiber.The contact angles of raw and modified human hair fiber were 70° and 142°respectively.The maximum oil absorbency of modified human hair fiber was,for Castor oil,11.5g/g;engine oil,6.1g/g;toluene,3.1g/g;petroleum ether,2.0g/g.The oil/water separation study proved that modified human hair fiber had good oil and water separation ability and great property of reusability.
Key words:  human hair fiber    octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS)    self-assembling    hydrophobic modification    oil/water separation
                    发布日期:  2018-11-06      期的出版日期:  2018-11-06
基金资助: 中国博士后特别资助项目(201104615);中央高校基本科研业务费专项(310829162014和310829161015)
通讯作者:  白波(1972-),男,博士研究生导师,主要从事纳米复合物的制备及应用。   
作者简介:  杨晨曦(1994-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事新型功能材料方面的研究工作。
引用本文:    
杨晨曦,白波,丁晨旭,王洪伦,索有瑞. 头发纤维表面聚十八烷基硅氧烷疏水/亲油改性 及其油水分离特性评价[J]. 化工新型材料, 2018, 46(10): 239-242.
Yang Chenxi,Bai Bo,Ding Chenxu,Wang Honglun,Suo Yourui. Hydrophobic/oleophilic modification of human hair fiber by PODS and the study of oil/water separation property. New Chemical Materials, 2018, 46(10): 239-242.
链接本文:  
http://www.hgxx.org/CN/  或          http://www.hgxx.org/CN/Y2018/V46/I10/239
[1] Cho E C,Hsiao Y S,Lee K C,et al.Few-layer graphene based sponge as a highly efficient,recyclable and selective sorbent for organic solvents and oils[J].RSC Adv,2015,5(66):53741-53748.
[2] Ge X,Yang W,Long D,et al.Flexible carbon nanofiber sponges for highly efficient and recyclable oil absorption[J].RSC Adv,2015,5(86):70025-70031.
[3] Wang J,Zheng Y,Wang A,et al.Superhydrophobic kapok fiber oil-absorbent:preparation and high oil absorbency[J].Chem Eng J,2012,213(12):1-7.
[4] Wu Y,Qi H,Li B,et al.Novel hydrophobic cotton fibers adsorbent for the removal of nitrobenzene in aqueous solution[J].Carbohyd Polym,2017,155(2):294-302.
[5] Ke Q,Jin Y,Jiang P,et al.Oil/water separation performances of superhydrophobic and superoleophilic sponges[J].Langmuir,2014,30(44):13137-13142.
[6] Kumar A,Petric M,Kricej B,et al.Liquefied-wood-based polyurethane-nanosilica hybrid coatings and hydrophobization by self-assembled monolayers of orthotrichlorosilane (OTS)[J].ACS Sustainable Chem Eng,2015(3):2533-2541.
[7] Xu X,Bai B,Wang H,et al.Synthesis of human hair fiber-impregnated chitosan beads functionalized with citric acid for the adsorption of lysozyme[J].RSC Adv,2017,7(11):6636-6647.
[8] Parikh A N,Schivley M A,Koo E,et al.n-Alkylsiloxanes:from single monolayers to layered crystals.the formation of crystalline polymers from the hydrolysis of n-octadecyltrichlorosilane[J].J Am Chem Soc,1997,119(13):3135-3143.
[9] Ke Q,Li G,Liu Y,et al.Formation of superhydrophobic polymerized n-octadecylsiloxane nanosheets[J].Langmuir,2010,26(5):3579-3584.
[10] Mcgovern M,Kalluary K,Thompson M,et al.Role of solvent on the silanization of glass with octadecyltrichlorosilane[J].Langmuir,1994,10(10):3607-3614.
[11] Wang Y,Lieberman M.Growth of ultrasmooth octadecyltrichlorosilane self-assembled monolayers on SiO2[J].Langmuir,2003,19(4):1159-1167.
[12] Poda A,Anderson A,Ashurst W R.Self-assembled octadecyltrichlorosilane monolayer formation on a highly hydrated silica film[J].Appl Surf Sci,2010,256(22):6805-6813.
[13] Di X,Zhang W,Zang D,et al.A novel method for the fabrication of superhydrophobic nylon net[J].Chem Eng J,2016,306(30):53-59.
[14] Wang M,Zhao T,Wang G,et al.Blend films of human hair and cellulose prepared from an ionic liquid[J].Text Res J,2014,84(12):1315-1324.
[15] Liu F,Ma M,Zang D,et al.Fabrication of superhydrophobic/superoleophilic cotton for application in the field of water/oil separation[J].Carbohyd Polym,2014,103(1):480-487.
[16] Nakajima A.Design of hydrophobic surfaces for liquid droplet control[J].NPG Asia Mater,2011,3(5):49-56.
[1] 王循, 丁玉梅, 李好义, 谭晶, 杨卫民, 阎华. 聚合物电纺纳米纤维高效油污染处理应用研究进展[J]. 化工新型材料, 2018, 46(7): 48-51.
[2] 李斌, 叶向东, 郭宇轩, 周嘉玮. 一种新颖的微胶囊阵列制备方法研究[J]. 化工新型材料, 2018, 46(7): 101-105.
[3] 张岩, 韩旭, 翟玉鹏, 崔先杰, 徐思涵, 姜春竹. Fe3O4@SiO2@IL磁性纳米材料的合成及其在环境水样前处理中的应用[J]. 化工新型材料, 2018, 46(6): 261-264.
[4] 王胜男, 庄虹, 刘勇健. 层层自组装法制备碳包覆的Fe3O4碳量子点磁性荧光双功能材料[J]. 化工新型材料, 2018, 46(4): 59-62.
[5] 郑真, 丁成立, 李惠萍, 付静静. 疏水性棉短绒纤维素/SiO2复合气凝胶的制备及性能研究[J]. 化工新型材料, 2018, 46(4): 230-233.
[6] 张来新, 陈琦. 新型杯芳烃的合成自组装及应用研究[J]. 化工新型材料, 2018, 46(3): 34-36.
[7] 郑细鸣, 范荣玉. 纳米硅酸钙修饰膜的构建与油水分离性能研究[J]. 化工新型材料, 2018, 46(3): 219-223.
No Suggested Reading articles found!
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《化工新型材料》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn